Life Expectancy - A Number All Nigerians Should Understand

  • 20,Dec 2018 05:27 AM
  • By Iwedi Ojinmah

Life expectancy equals the average number of years a person born in a given country is expected to live if mortality rates at each age were to remain steady in the future. Life expectancy is normally reflected separately for males and females, as well as in a combined figure.

                                                            

                 An unfair roll of the dice. African kids tend to die more than others.


Women almost always outlive men. We say almost because in some few instances and for specific time-frames it has been the reverse in both Mali and Eswatini or former Swaziland.  This gap is mainly attributed to lifestyle differences such as more men being in the army and dying in battle as well as the recklessness of youth that is more pronounced and deadly in males ( Motorcycle and car accidents etc).

According to the latest WHO data published in 2018 life expectancy in Nigeria is:
* Male 54.7
* Female 55.7
* Total 55.2

These values give Nigeria a current World Life Expectancy ranking of 178. As deplorable as this is, it is even expected to get worse when after 2018  when it is estimated to drop to 54.2 years and sink  her ranking to number 215.

But let us look at Nigeria in comparison to the rest of the world.

Because most monitors run independent studies which sometimes vary in exact figures we have used the stats used by WHO, World Bank and the United Nations for Population.

Worldwide, the average life expectancy at birth was 71.5 years (68 years and 4 months for males and 72 years and 8 months for females)  according to United Nations World Population Prospects. The current scores for 2017-2018 are still being tabulated but will be posted shortly.

Out of 137 nations included in the above study, the top 10 countries with the highest life expectancy are all in Asia or Europe. Those in the bottom 10 are all in Africa.


The lowest life expectancy for last year in the World was in Chad with a combined life expectancy of 50.6 years.


For your convenience the top 5 in the World are:
1. Hong Kong SAR – 84.3 years
2. Japan – 83.8 years
3. Italy – 83.5 years
4. Spain – 83.4 years
5. Switzerland – 83.2 years

In Africa they are:
1. Mauritius - 75 years
2.  Seychelles 73 years
3.  Cape Verde 72 years
4/4.   São Tomé and Príncipe 69


Again for your convenience here is a comprehensive list of the major contributors to Nigeria's annual deaths.


     Deaths                                                                %


1.    Influenza and Pneumonia    305,460    15.03
2.    Diarrhoeal diseases    186,218    9.16
3.    Tuberculosis    175,124    8.62
4.    HIV/AIDS    168,900    8.31
5.    Malaria    112,371    5.53
6.    Low Birth Weight    87,318    4.30
7.    Stroke    83,379    4.10
8.    Birth Trauma    81,448    4.01
9.    Coronary Heart Disease    76,410    3.76
10.    Maternal Conditions    63,909    3.14
11.    Meningitis    58,231    2.87
12.    Liver Disease    48,789    2.40
13.    Congenital Anomalies    48,704    2.40
14.    Endocrine Disorders    42,961    2.11
15.    Malnutrition    40,609    2.00
16.    Other Injuries    39,645    1.95
17.    Road Traffic Accidents    37,562    1.85
18.    Diabetes Mellitus    30,922    1.52
19.    Measles    26,672    1.31
20.    Falls    21,350    1.05
21.    Suicide    18,095    0.89
22.    Violence    17,843    0.88
23.    Drownings    15,670    0.77
24.    Breast Cancer    14,932    0.73
25.    Lung Disease    14,311    0.70
26.    Liver Cancer    12,765    0.63
27.    Kidney Disease    12,605    0.62
28.    Prostate Cancer    12,087    0.59
29.    Asthma    11,894    0.59
30.    Pertussis    11,345    0.56
31.    Hypertension    10,864    0.53
32.    Fires    10,148    0.50
33.    Syphilis    9,164    0.45
34.    Tetanus    8,939    0.44
35.    War    8,826    0.43
36.    Cervical Cancer    8,757    0.43
37.    Drug Use    8,655    0.43
38.    Alzheimers/Dementia    7,809    0.38
39.    Epilepsy    7,446    0.37
40.    Inflammatory/Heart    6,336    0.31
41.    Poisonings    5,601    0.28
42.    Schistosomiasis    5,550    0.27
43.    Peptic Ulcer Disease    5,412    0.27
44.    Encephalitis    4,532    0.22
45.    Lymphomas    4,421    0.22
46.    Rheumatic Heart Disease    3,897    0.19
47.    Colon-Rectum Cancers    3,648    0.18
48.    Other Neoplasms    3,545    0.17
49.    Anemia    3,437    0.17
50.    Skin Disease    3,321    0.16

                                         Nigerian Infant Mortality rate in 2018 is inexcusable

There is no doubt that for the life expectancy in Nigeria to go up the death rate needs to go down and go down drastically.  Nigeria ranks dismal third in infant mortality and that alone negates any strides the country may achieve in other aspects of improving public health. 

Out of the top 10 killers above, five are related to birth and infants under 5 months and that is just mind-boggling and needs to be changed. If not there will be a continuous weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth both for the young and the old.



To learn more about life expectancy in Nigeria past, present and anticipated future PLEASE CLICK HERE



(2)Comments:

    • USER

      Anonymous

      20,Dec 2018 06:49 AM

      This is insightful,

    • USER

      Bush Doctor

      20,Dec 2018 06:54 AM

      I am shocked at # 21. Suicide 18,095 0.89%. I thought Nigerians didn't kill themselves or are they talking about terrorists?

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