Transcending Approach: The Best Way To Implore If We Must Combat Terrorism Effectively In The Nigerian Society By Emenike Vincent Onyembi
By Admin 2 months ago
It has become so imperative to start looking out for possible ways of combatting or alleviating insecurity to somewhat within the Nigerian society. Over the years, we have had a series of interventions from different governments, even the present dispensation is also battling hard to combat terror or unrest within the Nigerian clime. However, amongst all the response, there seems to be more heat up even as our various security outfits strive tirelessly to alleviate the sad situation which has claimed many lives and properties. Reality is that there could be what we are not doing well in the process of combatting the horrific situation. And it has gotten to the point where one wonders whether we are living in bondage. Not that there was much peace or freedom earlier, but whatever there was, none seems to exist now.
It's quite unfortunate the absence of political freedom, liberty, basic social services and decline of fundamental human rights are on the increase occasioned by the fast-rising unrest in the society. Funny enough, those who were elected to attend to some of these cases now acts like demi-gods. They have resorted to governing us recklessly, ruthlessly and very unmindful of possible repercussions.
In this case, the system becomes bastardized from top to bottom. In situations as such, the judiciary is, of course, going to be in a state of near-comatose since both the dominant guiding principle of governance—the rule of law becomes absent in the affairs of the state. Citizens both as individuals and groups resorts to self-help; takes laws into their hands. Thomas Hobbes a foremost Political Philosopher succinctly described this stage as "state of nature"—a condition where individuals have the freedom to do whatever he or she thinks germane to elongate his or her life. It can be better described as a state where life is solitary, poor, nasty brutish and of course, short to live in.
Terrorism is a specific type of violence. It can be international or domestic. It is perpetuated mainly against civilians. It is planned and calculated action. The selection of a target is neither spontaneous nor random. Terrorism is motivated by political, religious, ideological and socio-economic objectives. It is action intended to produce fear i.e. a psychological act conducted for its impact on an audience: Henry Alapiki (2015:5)
Meanwhile, terrorism could be nationalistic minded, religious, state-sponsored, left-wing and right-wing. When a set of people tends to form a separate state or society of their own in liberation form or struggle for freedom, it could be said to be nationalistic terrorism. That of religious terrorist group violently enforce; and or influence what they may see as divinely command which are meted on individuals of that society (a Muslim/Christian fight for supremacy). Their belief is said to be proclaimed here and accepted. Take for instance the Leah Shaibu case—a teenager of the Christian faith who has been in captive for over five hundred(500) days now by the Boko Haram terrorist group.
The left wings terrorist group is focused on kidnapping business tycoons, bombing of strategic places (mosque, church & market) and ambushing state officials. While the right-wing terrorist group is likened to a neo-fascist group who attacks immigrants and refugees from the third world countries. They do this frequently and have been tagged racists (an example is the South African) "thugs/extremists" could be likened to this type of terrorism. The last but not the least is the state-sponsored terrorist group composed mainly by the government of a country solely targeted to wagging war. They exist only in radical states, like Libya under Gadhafi, Iran, Syria etc.
In all these, according to the Global Terrorism Index (GTI), Nigeria is ranked the 7th most terrorized country in the world (Osundefender, 2013). This ranking made Nigeria the most terrorism stricken country in Africa alongside Somalia. Bad governance and the character of the Nigerian State which encourages impunity, corruption, poverty, unemployment, religious extremism, illiteracy amongst others, are responsible for terrorism. When the state fails to provide purposeful leadership and deliver the dividends of good governance to the people, terrorism or any other act aimed at tormenting the peace and security of the society surfaces.
Other possible variables that influence terrorism are economic marginalisation, ethnic and religious fanaticism. When funds allocated to build schools, hospitals, industries and for the provision of basic social services like water, electricity and road infrastructure are laundered by public officials (government workers) both at the federal, state and local government levels, the citizens are denied good governance. Consequently, this will affect youths negatively.